The Beginning The birth of education systems around the world goes back to the 17th-century. They were designed to form a system of universal education for all.
Schools aimed at creating "a new race of men". The idea was to have a general education for children rather than a specialized one.
The goal was to create new citizens. Citizens that have basic knowledge and discipline.
A group of people decided which subjects are important for a child's development. They have decided to set times for learning and time for breaks. Since the individual was not the center of the system, it was designed that the subjects will follow instructions and will prove they understood the instructions by passing relevant tests.
Children who failed to follow the instructions are considered stupid, incapable and in many cases expelled from the education system.
Many authors throughout the years claimed that the education system follows the "factory model".
The first public use of the term "factory model schools" to describe K-12 education was by Dr. Howard Lamb in a speech in September 1972. The Greenville News reported:
"The educational institutions are producing teachers for the 1920 "factory model" schools, Lamb said.
Ted Dintersmith used the term factory model, in his book What School Could Be (2018), to describe the evolution of the American education system.
Seth Godin, in his book, Stop Stealing Dreams (2004), also draws connections between child-labor laws, factories, and the spread of tax-funded schools and compulsory education laws.
A famous TedTalk by Sir Ken Robinson compares students in schools to materials in a factory and references children's "date of manufacturing" as a sorting mechanism.
Raymond E. Callahan explored the relationship between public education and the emerging concept of Scientific Management in the 1910s and included quotes by school leaders who spoke of children as the "raw goods" schools meant to mold into something better.
"Our schools are, in a sense, factories, in which the raw products (children) are to be shaped and fashioned into products to meet the various demands of life. The specifications for manufacturing come from the demands of twentieth-century civilization, and it is the business of the school to build its pupils according to the specifications laid down."
Raymond E. Callahan
As technology advances through the years and the lifestyle changes, school systems remain the same. That causes a lot of stress among children that need to cope with more than they can handle.
Maybe it is time to reinvent the education system to meet the current needs and ever-changing environment.
Technology has changed our lives and brought a load of tools and abilities to our fingertips.
It also brought a need for skills that were not needed in the past.
Science has made major breakthroughs. We know things we didn't know before. We understand more about the human brain and how it works.
Upgrading the education system will not be enough anymore, there is a need for a complete make-over from the ground up.